The digital divide, a term that refers to the gap between demographics and regions that have access to modern information and communications technology, and those that don’t or have restricted access.
This technology can include the telephone, television, personal computers and the Internet.
The below TED video by Aleph Molinari discusses the digital divide and how it is becoming “the new illiteracy”
The digital divide typically exists between those in cities and those in rural areas, the educated, socioeconomic groups, globally, as well as between more and less industrially developed nations.
Even among nations with access to technology, the digital divide can be evident in the form of lower-performance computers, lower-speed wireless connections, lower-priced connections such as dial-up, and limited access to subscription-based content.
Research from Richard (2011) states that the countries struggling significantly from the digital divide are located in Latin America, Africa and Southeast Asia. Due to their lack of access and information through the required communication technologies.
Students who come from a higher socioeconomic background have an 89% rate of access to internet compared to the lower socioeconomic background who have a 49% rate.
This article presents information and stats with increasing numbers of Australians using online programs and the disadvantage of being offline. theconversation.com/australias-digital-divide-is-narrowing-but-getting-deeper-55232
Howell (2012, p. 55) states “Parents, employers and the wider community expect the education system to produce technologically fluent students” to ensure children are competent for the current workforce. As companies and small businesses are also rapidly developing with technology.
A recent Australian Government grant will be implemented in schools to enhance digital literacy nationally. Buttice (2016) journal states that the program is aimed at assisting children and students to embrace the digital age.
Buttice, C. (2016) Digital journal, Australian government provides grant to enhance digital Literacy. Article Retrieved from http://www.digitaljournal.com/news/world/australian-government-provides-grant-to-enhance-digital-literacy/article/475729
Chih-Yuan Sun, J. Rossier School of Education & Davis School of Gerontology University of Southern California. The Digital Divide and Its Impact on Academic Performance. PDF Retrieved from https://net.educause.edu/ir/library/pdf/WRC08034.pdf
McGrath, C. (2011) Education technology centre. Which countries are most affected by the divide. Retrieved from https://wiki.uiowa.edu/pages/viewpage.action?pageId=64750743
Jackson, A. (2009) Open Educational Resources and the Digital Divide, Bridging the Bandwidth Gap. Retrieved from http://www.sciencemedianetwork.org/wiki/Bridging_the_Bandwidth_Gap_-_OER_and_the_Digital_Divide
Howell, J. (2012). Teaching with ICT: Digital pedagogies for collaboration & creativity. South Melbourne, VIC: Oxford University Press.