Final Refection,

The world we live in has become fast passed with new technologies and gadgets increasing daily, it is definitely hard to keep up to date in the evolving digitalised world.

Through the creation of my very first blog I was introduced to new programs, WordPress and Tellagami, both of which I found to be very challenging.

As you can see I experienced some challenges with WordPress some of which include; re ordering of blogs, uploading recorded Tellagami as videos and changing colours and fonts on the blogs.

Thanks to the assistance of YouTube tutorials I was able to insert videos, add text, links and photos on to my blog. Although frustrating at times, the final product was rewarding.

I can see the potential a blog can provide to both teachers and students, especially in sharing their knowledge and ideas with each other. I am looking forward to expanding my blogging skills for both education and personal use.

I will certainly be making use of Tellagami, this program can be used for a variety of different classroom discussions.

I feel that recording student’s voices would enhance both their enjoyment and involvement. This program would be beneficial for students of any age.

Creating a playful learning environment in the classroom can encourage both students and teachers to engage with each other. Howell (2012) states “should enable learners to create something, and that something should be a rich learning task that is complex, embedded in the curriculum and offers opportunities for development that are beyond knowledge acquisition”


References –

Howell, J. (2012). Teaching with ICT: Digital pedagogies for collaboration & creativity. South Melbourne, VIC: Oxford University Press.



Digital Fluency

Digital fluency is a combination of:

  • digital, or technical competence. Being  able to understand, select and use a variety of technologies and technological systems.
  • digital literacy: Intellectual capabilities, which include being able to read, create, evaluate, make judgements and apply technical skills while doing so;

social competence, or dispositional knowledge: the ability to be able to relate to others and communicate with them effectively.

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Why we all need to be digitally fluent?

The outcome of being digitally fluent relates to issues of responsibility, equity and access.

We all need to be able to fully participate in a digitally-enabled education system and in an increasingly digitised society. If we work with fluency in the way we use technologies, we are able to keep ourselves safe online and enjoy the full advantages of online opportunities such as being able to work from home, manage your finances, or be part of our local community).

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A digitally fluent student:

  • Knows where and how to find and access information quickly and accurately
  • can critique the relevance and accuracy of information being accessed
  • is an a capable producer of digital content understands and demonstrates how use digital technologies responsibly including – digital security (self-protection), copyright.

According to research collaborated by the US Department of education in 2002, the framework of a twenty-first student outcomes can be summarised into four major areas :

  1. Core Subjects and 21st Century Themes
  2. Learning and Innovation Skills
  • Creativity and Innovation
  • Critical Thinking and Problem Solving
  • Communication and Collaboration
  1. Information, Media and Technology Skills
  • Information Literacy
  • Media Literacy
  • ICT Literacyscreen-shot-2016-10-20-at-4-22-21-pm




References –

Howell, J. (2012). Teaching with ICT: Digital pedagogies for collaboration & creativity. South Melbourne, VIC: Oxford University Press.

White, G. (2013) Australian Council for Educational Research. Digital fluency : skills necessary for learning in the digital age. Retrieved from:

Ministry of Education New Zealand. Teaching digital fluency. ELearning tiki, Retrieved from:

Sociaens Blog (2011) Retrieved from:

Images retrieved from:







Participation and the digital divide

The digital divide, a term that refers to the gap between demographics and regions that have access to modern information and communications technology, and those that don’t or have restricted access.

This technology can include the telephone, television, personal computers and the Internet.

The below TED video by Aleph Molinari discusses the digital divide and how it is becoming “the new illiteracy”

The digital divide typically exists between those in cities and those in rural areas, the educated, socioeconomic groups, globally, as well as between more and less industrially developed nations.

Even among nations with access to technology, the digital divide can be evident in the form of lower-performance computers, lower-speed wireless connections, lower-priced connections such as dial-up, and limited access to subscription-based content.

Research from Richard (2011) states that the countries struggling significantly from the digital divide are located in Latin America, Africa and Southeast Asia. Due to their lack of access and information through the required communication technologies.

(McGrath 2011)

Students who come from a higher socioeconomic background have an 89% rate of access to internet compared to the lower socioeconomic background who have a 49% rate.

This article presents information and stats with increasing numbers of Australians using online programs and the disadvantage of being offline.

Howell (2012, p. 55) states “Parents, employers and the wider community expect the education system to produce technologically fluent students” to ensure children are competent for the current workforce. As companies and small businesses are also rapidly developing with technology.

A recent Australian Government grant will be implemented in schools to enhance digital literacy nationally. Buttice (2016) journal states that the program is aimed at assisting children and students to embrace the digital age.…teracy/article/475729Screen Shot 2016-10-20 at 3.02.27 PM.png


References –

Buttice, C. (2016) Digital journal, Australian government provides grant to enhance digital Literacy. Article Retrieved from

Chih-Yuan Sun, J. Rossier School of Education & Davis School of Gerontology University of Southern California. The Digital Divide and Its Impact on Academic Performance. PDF Retrieved from

McGrath, C. (2011) Education technology centre. Which countries are most affected by the divide. Retrieved from

Jackson, A. (2009) Open Educational Resources and the Digital Divide, Bridging the Bandwidth Gap. Retrieved from

Howell, J. (2012). Teaching with ICT: Digital pedagogies for collaboration & creativity. South Melbourne, VIC: Oxford University Press.









What is a digital world?

Before we all started carrying smartphones in our pockets, we connected with one another the only way we knew how to, in personWe planned outings around activities we enjoyed to do with our friends, not what would make the best status update. We printed photos and put them into real photo albums as a tribute to good times and we only shared important updates about our lives with the people who were actually a part of them. Being connected meant sharing an unedited version of our real life selves, with the people closest to us—without the need to document, retouch, upload, broadcast, or archive our relationships.

“More than 2.8 billion people connect to the digital world every day” James (2016)

We wakeup with our smartphones. We check email before our feet touch the ground in the morning. We drive to work using Goggle maps or connect with family via Bluetooth phone calls. We eat meals, work, exercise, and relax in front of our screens. Then we go to bed with our devices, refusing to shut them down in case something comes up. We repeat this process every single day.

For educators the use and learning of new technology is essential. Howell (2012, p. 5) states that all teachers need a digital pedagogy. Teaching using digital technologies is now viewed as essential as Howell (2012, p. 5) explains students together with their parents are expect to learn and be taught using digital technologies.

This link shows how teachers are embracing digital technology…/how-to-create-a-new-culture-of-learning.

We see technology is rapidly being integrated into the classroom with a variety of tools being used to enhance specific learning outcomes.


“The internet is loaded with activities for all types of classes” (Tiffany, 2011) This method of teaching is having a positive effect in classrooms as research from (Prensky, 2008) states that web-based training and educational tools are essential for keeping students engaged and motivated.


References –

Prensky, M. (2008). The 21st Century Digital Learner. How tech-obsessed iKids would improve our schools. [Brochure]. Retrieved from

Starr. L (2011) Educational world.  Technology Integration Ideas that work. Article retrieved from

James. C (2016) Our digital world is awesome. Online blog retrieved from

External Affairs and corporate communication division. (2009) Retrieved from

Gallo, L. (2003). The University of Iowa. Living in s digital world. Retrieved from

Howell, J. (2012). Teaching with ICT: Digital pedagogies for collaboration & creativity. South Melbourne, VIC: Oxford University Press.

21st Century Education Youtube video. (2012) Retrieved from


Images retrieved from:×248.jpg

Teach thought staff (2016) Four simple ideas to use technology to engage students ideas-use-technology-engage-students/

Keane, J (2016) How to create a new culture of learning. Article retrieved from